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This Day in History

On this day May 30, 1431, Joan of Arc burned at the stake: Having led the French army in a momentous victory over England at Orléans during the Hundred Years’ WarJoan of Arc was charged with heresy and witchcraft and, on this day in 1431, was burned at the stake.

October
October1In 1961, Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hit his 61st home run of the season, breaking Babe Ruth’s record of 60 set in 1927.
October2In 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court; he was the first African-American appointed to the nation’s highest court.
October3In 1990, West Germany and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the creation of a newly unified country.
October4In 1957, the Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first man-made satellite, into orbit.
October5In 1947, in the first televised White House address, President Truman asked Americans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help stockpile grain for starving people in Europe.
October6In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot to death by extremists while reviewing a military parade.
October7In 1985, Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean with more than 400 people aboard.
October8In 1982, all labor organizations in Poland, including Solidarity, were banned.
October9In 1967, Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was executed in Bolivia while attempting to incite revolution.
October10In 1973, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion and resigned from his office.
October11In 1968, Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, was launched with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Fulton Eisele, and R. Walter Cunningham aboard.
October12In 2000, the Navy destroyer Cole was attacked in an al-Qaeda suicide bombing while in port in Aden, Yemen, killing 17 sailors and injuring dozens more. 
October13In 1943, Italy declared war on Germany, its one-time Axis partner.
October14In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
October15In 1964, it was announced that Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev had been removed from office. He was succeeded as premier by Alexei N. Kosygin and as Communist Party secretary by Leonid I. Brezhnev.
October16In 1964, China detonated its first atomic bomb.
October17In 1931, mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison. He was released in 1939.
October18In 1968, the United States Olympic Committee suspended two black athletes, Tommie Smith, and John Carlos, for giving a “black power” salute as a protest during a victory ceremony in Mexico City.
October19In 1987, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 508 points, or 22.6 percent in value – its biggest-ever percentage drop.
October20In 1973, in the so-called Saturday Night Massacre, President Nixon abolished the office of special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox, accepted the resignation of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson, and fired Deputy Attorney General William B. Ruckelshaus.
October21In 1879, Thomas Edison invented a workable electric light at his laboratory in Menlo Park, N.J.
October22In 1962, President Kennedy announced an air and naval blockade of Cuba, following the discovery of Soviet missile bases on the island.
October23In 1983, a suicide truck bombing at Beirut International Airport in Lebanon killed 241 United States Marines and sailors; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.
October24In 1945, the United Nations officially came into existence as its charter took effect.
October25In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly voted to admit mainland China and expel Taiwan.
October26In 1994, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Prime Minister Abdel Salam Majali of Jordan signed a peace treaty in a ceremony attended by President Clinton.
October27In 1904, the first rapid transit subway, the IRT, opened in New York City.
October28In 1886, the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Cleveland.
October29In 1929, Black Tuesday descended upon the New York Stock Exchange. Prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors were wiped out as America’s Great Depression began.
October30In 1974, Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Kinshasa, Zaire, to regain his world heavyweight title.
October31In 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated near her residence by two Sikh security guards.

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/on-this-day/

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