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This Day in History

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August
August 26 In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, guaranteeing American women the right to vote, was declared in effect.
August 27 In 1962, the United States launched the Mariner 2 space probe, which flew past Venus the following December.
August 28 In 1963, 200,000 people participated in a peaceful civil rights rally in Washington, D.C., where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
August 29 In 1991, the Supreme Soviet, the parliament of the U.S.S.R., suspended all activities of the Communist Party, bringing an end to the institution.
August 30 In 1963, the hot-line communications link between Washington, D.C., and Moscow went into operation.
August 31 In 1997, Diana, the Princess of Wales, was killed in an automobile accident in a tunnel by the Seine in Paris. The accident also killed Emad Mohammed al-Fayed, the Harrod’s heir.
September 
September 1 In 1939, World War II began as Nazi Germany invaded Poland.
September 2 In 1945, Japan formally surrendered in ceremonies aboard the USS Missouri, ending World War II.
September 3 In 1976, the unmanned U.S. spacecraft Viking 2 landed on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the planet’s surface.
September 4 In 1957, Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus called out the National Guard to prevent nine black students from entering Central High School in Little Rock.
September 5 In 1972, Arab terrorists attacked the Israeli delegation at the Munich Olympic games; 11 Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in the siege.
September 6 In 1901, President McKinley was shot and mortally wounded by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, N.Y.
September 7 In 1940, Nazi Germany began its initial blitz on London during World War II.
September 8 In 1974, President Ford granted an unconditional pardon to former President Nixon.
September 9 In 1976, Communist Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung died in Beijing at age 82.
September 10 In 1919, New York City welcomed home Gen. John J. Pershing and 25,000 soldiers who had served in the United States 1st Division during World War I.
September 11 In 2001, suicide hijackers crashed two airliners into the World Trade Center in New York, causing the 110-story twin towers to collapse. Another hijacked airliner hit the Pentagon and a fourth crashed in a field in Pennsylvania.
September 12 In 1977, South African black student leader Steven Biko died while in police custody, triggering an international outcry.
September 13 In 1993, at the White House, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat shook hands after signing an accord granting limited Palestinian autonomy.
September 14 In 1959, the Soviet space probe Luna 2 became the first man-made object to reach the moon as it crashed onto the lunar surface.
September 15 In 1963, four children were killed when a bomb went off during Sunday services at a black Baptist church in Birmingham, Alabama.
September 16 In 1974, President Ford announced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam War deserters and draft evaders.
September 17 In 1862, Union forces hurled back a Confederate invasion of Maryland in the Civil War Battle of Antietam. During the battle, 23,100 were killed, wounded or captured, making it the bloodiest day in United States military history.
September 18 In 1947, the National Security Act, which unified the Army, Navy and newly formed Air Force, went into effect.
September 19 In 1881, the 20th president of the United States, James A. Garfield, died of wounds inflicted by an assassin.
September 20 In 1973, Billie Jean King defeated Bobby Riggs in straight sets 6-4, 6-3, 6-3 in a $100,000 winner-take-all tennis match.
September 21 In 1938, a hurricane struck parts of New York and New England, causing widespread damage and claiming more than 600 lives.
September 22 In 1862, President Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in rebel states should be free as of Jan. 1, 1863.
September 23 In 1952, Republican vice-presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon went on television to deliver what came to be known as the “Checkers” speech as he denied allegations of improper campaign financing.
September 24 In 1996, the United States and the world’s other major nuclear powers signed a treaty to end all testing and development of nuclear weapons.
September 25 In 1957, with 300 United States Army troops standing guard, nine black children were escorted to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, days after unruly white crowds had forced them to withdraw.
September 26 In 1960, the first televised debate between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy took place in Chicago.
September 27 In 1964, the Warren Commission issued a report concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald had acted alone in assassinating President Kennedy.
September 28 In 1924, two United States Army planes landed in Seattle, Washington, having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.
September 29 In 1957, the New York Giants played their last game at the Polo Grounds, losing to the Pittsburgh Pirates 9-1. The Giants moved to San Francisco for the next season.
September 30 In 1938, British and French leaders agreed to allow Nazi Germany to occupy sections of the Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia.
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