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This Day in History

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On This Day in History September – October 2017

September 25 In 1957, with 300 United States Army troops standing guard, nine black children were escorted to Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, days after unruly white crowds had forced them to withdraw.
September 26 In 1960, the first televised debate between presidential candidates Richard M. Nixon and John F. Kennedy took place in Chicago.
September 27 In 1964, the Warren Commission issued a report concluding that Lee Harvey Oswald had acted alone in assassinating President Kennedy.
September 28 In 1924, two United States Army planes landed in Seattle, Washington, having completed the first round-the-world flight in 175 days.
September 29 In 1957, the New York Giants played their last game at the Polo Grounds, losing to the Pittsburgh Pirates 9-1. The Giants moved to San Francisco for the next season.
September 30 In 1938, British and French leaders agreed to allow Nazi Germany to occupy sections of the Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia.
October 1 In 1961, Roger Maris of the New York Yankees hit his 61st home run of the season, breaking Babe Ruth’s record of 60 set in 1927.
October 2 In 1967, Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court; he was the first African-American appointed to the nation’s highest court.
October 3 In 1990, West Germany and East Germany ended 45 years of postwar division, declaring the creation of a new unified country.
October 4 In 1957, the Space Age began as the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the first man-made satellite, into orbit.
October 5 In 1947, in the first televised White House address, President Truman asked Americans to refrain from eating meat on Tuesdays and poultry on Thursdays to help stockpile grain for starving people in Europe.
October 6 In 1981, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat was shot to death by extremists while reviewing a military parade.
October 7 In 1985, Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean with more than 400 people aboard.
October 8 In 1982, all labor organizations in Poland, including Solidarity, were banned.
October 9 In 1967, Latin American guerrilla leader Che Guevara was executed in Bolivia while attempting to incite revolution.
October 10 In 1973, Vice President Spiro T. Agnew pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion and resigned his office.
October 11 In 1968, Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, was launched with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Fulton Eisele and R. Walter Cunningham aboard.
October 12 In 2000, the Navy destroyer Cole was attacked in an al-Qaeda suicide bombing while in port in Aden, Yemen, killing 17 sailors and injuring dozens more.
October 13 In 1943, Italy declared war on Germany, its one-time Axis partner.
October 14 In 1964, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
October 15 In 1964, it was announced that Soviet leader Nikita S. Khrushchev had been removed from office. He was succeeded as premier by Alexei N. Kosygin and as Communist Party secretary by Leonid I. Brezhnev.
October 16 In 1964, China detonated its first atomic bomb.
October 17 In 1931, mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison. He was released in 1939.
October 18 In 1968, the United States Olympic Committee suspended two black athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, for giving a “black power” salute as a protest during a victory ceremony in Mexico City.
October 19 In 1987, the stock market crashed as the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 508 points, or 22.6 percent in value – its biggest-ever percentage drop.
October 20 In 1973, in the so-called Saturday Night Massacre, President Nixon abolished the office of special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox, accepted the resignation of Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and fired Deputy Attorney General William B. Ruckelshaus.
October 21 In 1879, Thomas Edison invented a workable electric light at his laboratory in Menlo Park, N.J.
October 22 In 1962, President Kennedy announced an air and naval blockade of Cuba, following the discovery of Soviet missile bases on the island.
October 23 In 1983, a suicide truck-bombing at Beirut International Airport in Lebanon killed 241 United States Marines and sailors; a near-simultaneous attack on French forces killed 58 paratroopers.
October 24 In 1945, the United Nations officially came into existence as its charter took effect.
October 25 In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly voted to admit mainland China and expel Taiwan.
October 26 In 1994, Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel and Prime Minister Abdel Salam Majali of Jordan signed a peace treaty in a ceremony attended by President Clinton.
October 27 In 1904, the first rapid transit subway, the IRT, opened in New York City.
October 28 In 1886, the Statue of Liberty, a gift from the people of France, was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Cleveland.
October 29 In 1929, Black Tuesday descended upon the New York Stock Exchange. Prices collapsed amid panic selling and thousands of investors were wiped out as America’s Great Depression began.
October 30 In 1974, Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Kinshasa, Zaire, to regain his world heavyweight title.
October 31 In 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated near her residence by two Sikh security guards.

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