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This Day in History

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Cornelius Vanderbilt

On This Day in History August 2018

August 1 In 1936, the Olympic games opened in Berlin with a ceremony presided over by Adolf Hitler.
August 2 In 1923, the 29th president of the United States, Warren G. Harding, died in San Francisco. Calvin Coolidge took the oath of office as President of the United States.
August 3 In 1958, the nuclear-powered submarine Nautilus became the first vessel to cross the North Pole underwater.
August 4 In 1914, Britain declared war on Germany while the United States proclaimed its neutrality.
August 5 In 1963, the United States, Britain and the Soviet Union signed a treaty in Moscow banning nuclear tests in the atmosphere, space and underwater.
August 6 In 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, during World War II, killing an estimated 140,000 people in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare.
August 7 In 1964, Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin resolution, giving President Johnson broad powers in dealing with reported North Vietnamese attacks on United States forces.
August 8 In 1974, President Nixon announced he would resign following damaging revelations in the Watergate scandal.
August 9 In 1945, three days after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, the United States exploded a nuclear device over Nagasaki, killing an estimated 74,000 people.
August 10 In 1977, postal employee David Berkowitz was arrested in Yonkers, N.Y., accused of being the “Son of Sam” gunman responsible for six random slayings and seven woundings. Berkowitz is serving six consecutive terms of 25 years to life in state prison.
August 11 In 1965, rioting and looting broke out in the predominantly black Watts section of Los Angeles. In the week that followed, 34 people were killed and more than 1,000 injured.
August 12 In 1898, the peace protocol ending the Spanish-American War was signed.
August 13 In 1961, Berlin was divided as East Germany sealed off the border between the city’s eastern and western sectors in order to halt the flight of refugees. Two days later, work began on the Berlin Wall.
August 14 In 1945, President Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II.
August 15 In 1947, India and Pakistan became independent after some 200 years of British rule.
August 16 In 1977, Elvis Presley died at Graceland Mansion in Memphis, Tenn., at age 42.
August 17 In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair concluded near Bethel, N.Y.
August 18 In 1963, James Meredith became the first black to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
August 19 In 1934, a plebiscite in Germany approved the vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler as Fuhrer.
August 20 In 1968, the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact nations invaded Czechoslovakia to crush the “Prague Spring” liberalization drive of Alexander Dubcek’s regime.
August 21 In 1959, President Eisenhower signed an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the union.
August 22 In 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt became the first United States chief executive to ride in an automobile.
August 23 In 1927, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were executed in Boston for the murders of two men during a 1920 robbery. They were vindicated in 1977 by Massachusetts Gov. Michael S. Dukakis.
August 24 In 1992, Hurricane Andrew smashed into Florida, causing record damage; 55 deaths in Florida, Louisiana and the Bahamas were blamed on the storm.
August 25 In 1944, Paris was liberated by Allied forces after four years of Nazi occupation.
August 26 In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, guaranteeing American women the right to vote, was declared in effect.
August 27 In 1962, the United States launched the Mariner 2 space probe, which flew past Venus the following December.
August 28 In 1963, 200,000 people participated in a peaceful civil rights rally in Washington, D.C., where Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
August 29 In 1991, the Supreme Soviet, the parliament of the U.S.S.R., suspended all activities of the Communist Party, bringing an end to the institution.
August 30 In 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck the Gulf Coast with devastating force, killing more than 1,700 people and flooding New Orleans after the city’s levees failed.
August 31 In 1997, Diana, the Princess of Wales, was killed in an automobile accident in a tunnel by the Seine in Paris. The accident also killed Emad Mohammed al-Fayed, the Harrod’s heir.

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