This Day in History
On this date in 1941, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States; the U.S. responded in kind.
In 1959, Fidel Castro led Cuban revolutionaries to victory over Fulgencio Batista.
|January||2||In 1905, Japanese Gen. Nogi received from Russian Gen. Stoessel at 9 o’clock P.M. a letter formally offering to surrender, ending the Russo-Japanese War.|
|January||3||In 1959, President Eisenhower signed a proclamation admitting Alaska to the Union as the 49th state.|
|January||4||In 1965, President Johnson outlined the goals of his “Great Society” in his State of the Union address.|
|January||5||In 1914, Henry Ford, head of the Ford Motor Company, introduced a minimum wage scale of $5 per day.|
In 1919, the 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, died in Oyster Bay, N.Y., at age 60.
|January||7||In 1979, Vietnamese forces captured the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.|
|January||8||In 1918, President Woodrow Wilson outlined his 14 points for peace after World War I.|
|January||9||In 2007, Steven P. Jobs introduced Apple’s long-awaited entry into the cellphone world, the iPhone.|
|January||10||In 1946, the first General Assembly of the United Nations convened in London.|
In 1964, the United States surgeon general reported that cigarettes cause lung cancer.
|January||12||In 2010, a catastrophic earthquake struck Haiti, killing over 200,000 people and destroying much of the capital, Port-au-Prince.|
|January||13||In 1990, Douglas Wilder of Virginia became the nation’s first elected black governor as he took the oath of office in Richmond.|
|January||14||In 1943, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill opened a wartime conference in Casablanca.|
|January||15||In 1967, the first Super Bowl was played as the Green Bay Packers of the National Football League defeated the Kansas City Chiefs of the American Football League, 35-10.|
In 1991, the White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
|January||17||In 1893, Hawaii’s monarchy was overthrown as a group of businessmen and sugar planters forced Queen Liliuokalani to abdicate.|
|January||18||In 1912, English explorer Robert F. Scott and his expedition reached the South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had gotten there first.|
|January||19||In 1937, millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.|
|January||20||In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.|
In 1924, the Russian revolutionary Vladimir Ilyich Lenin died at age 53.
|January||22||In 1973, in its Roe vs. Wade decision, the Supreme Court legalized abortions, using a trimester approach.|
|January||23||In 1973, President Nixon announced an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War.|
|January||24||In 1965, Winston Churchill died in London at age 90.|
|January||25||In 1915, the inventor of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, inaugurated U.S. transcontinental telephone service.|
In 1950, India officially proclaimed itself a republic as Rajendra Prasad took the oath of office as president.
|January||27||In 1967, astronauts Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee died in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo spacecraft at Cape Kennedy, Fla.|
|January||28||In 1986, the space shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven crew members: flight commander Francis R. “Dick” Scobee; pilot Michael J. Smith; Ronald E. McNair; Ellison S. Onizuka; Judith A. Resnik; Gregory B. Jarvis; and schoolteacher Christa McAuliffe.|
|January||29||In 1963, poet Robert Frost died in Boston.|
|January||30||In 1948, Indian political and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi was murdered by a Hindu extremist.|
In 1865, the House of Representatives passed a constitutional amendment to abolish slavery.