This Day in History
On This Day in History May 2018:
|May||1||In 2011, President Barack Obama announced that Osama Bin Laden, the mastermind of the September 11 attacks, was killed by United States forces in Pakistan.
|May||2||In 1945, the Soviet Union announced the fall of Berlin and the Allies announced the surrender of Nazi troops in Italy and parts of Austria.|
|May||3||In 1971, anti-war protesters calling themselves the Mayday Tribe began four days of demonstrations in Washington, D.C., aimed at shutting down the nation’s capital.|
|May||4||In 1970, Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on anti-war protesters at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine others.|
|May||5||In 1961, astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. became America’s first space traveler as he made a 15-minute suborbital flight in a capsule launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla.|
|May||6||In 1937, the hydrogen-filled German dirigible Hindenburg burned and crashed in Lakehurst, N.J., killing 36 of the 97 people on board.
|May||7||In 1945, Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Allied headquarters in Rheims, France, to take effect the following day, ending the European conflict of World War II.|
|May||8||In 1973, militant American Indians who had held the South Dakota hamlet of Wounded Knee for 10 weeks surrendered.|
|May||9||In 1994, South Africa’s newly elected parliament chose Nelson Mandela to be the country’s first black president.|
|May||10||In 1869, a golden spike was driven at Promontory, Utah, marking the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States.|
|May||11||In 1973, charges against Daniel Ellsberg for his role in the Pentagon Papers case were dismissed by Judge William M. Byrne, who cited government misconduct.
|May||12||In 1943, during World War II, Axis forces in North Africa surrendered.|
|May||13||In 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter’s Square by Turkish assailant Mehmet Ali Agca.|
|May||14||In 1948, the independent state of Israel was proclaimed as British rule in Palestine came to an end.|
|May||15||In 1911, the Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Standard Oil Company, ruling it was in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.|
|May||16||In 1960, a harsh exchange between Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev and President Dwight D. Eisenhower doomed a much heralded summit conference between the two nations, following the Soviet downing of an American U-2 reconnaissance plane.
|May||17||In 1954, the Supreme Court issued its landmark Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka ruling, which declared that racially segregated public schools were inherently unequal.|
|May||18||In 1980, the Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state exploded, leaving 57 people dead or missing.|
|May||19||In 1935, T.E. Lawrence, also known as “Lawrence of Arabia,” died in England from injuries sustained in a motorcycle crash.|
|May||20||In 1961, a white mob attacked a busload of “Freedom Riders” in Montgomery, Ala., prompting the federal government to send in United States marshals to restore order.|
|May||21||In 1927, Charles A. Lindbergh landed his “Spirit of St. Louis” near Paris, completing the first solo airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
|May||22||In 1947, the Truman Doctrine was enacted as Congress appropriated military and economic aid for Greece and Turkey.|
|May||23||In 1934, bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot to death in a police ambush as they were driving a stolen Ford Deluxe along a road in Bienville Parish, La.|
|May||24||In 1883, the Brooklyn Bridge, linking Brooklyn and Manhattan, was opened to traffic.|
|May||25||In 2006, Kenneth L. Lay and Jeffrey K. Skilling, the chief executives who guided Enron through its spectacular rise and even more stunning fall, were found guilty of fraud and conspiracy.|
|May||26||In 1868, the Senate impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson ended with his acquittal as the Senate fell one vote short of the two-thirds majority required for conviction.
|May||27||In 1964, independent India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, died.|
|May||28||In 1984, President Reagan led a state funeral at Arlington National Cemetery for an unidentified American soldier killed in the Vietnam War.|
|May||29||In 1953, Mount Everest was conquered as Edmund Hillary of New Zealand, left, and Tensing Norgay of Nepal became the first climbers to reach the summit.|
|May||30||In 1958, unidentified soldiers killed in World War II and the Korean conflict were buried at Arlington National Cemetery.|
|May||31||In 1889, more than 2,000 people perished when a dam break sent water rushing through Johnstown, Pa.