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This Day in History

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Barbara Bush

On This Day in History May 2018

May
May 1 In 2011, President Barack Obama announced that Osama Bin Laden, the mastermind of the September 11 attacks, was killed by United States forces in Pakistan.
May 2 In 1945, the Soviet Union announced the fall of Berlin and the Allies announced the surrender of Nazi troops in Italy and parts of Austria.
May 3 In 1971, anti-war protesters calling themselves the Mayday Tribe began four days of demonstrations in Washington, D.C., aimed at shutting down the nation’s capital.
May 4 In 1970, Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire on anti-war protesters at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine others.
May 5 In 1961, astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. became America’s first space traveler as he made a 15-minute suborbital flight in a capsule launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
May 6 In 1937, the hydrogen-filled German dirigible Hindenburg burned and crashed in Lakehurst, N.J., killing 36 of the 97 people on board.
May 7 In 1945, Germany signed an unconditional surrender at Allied headquarters in Rheims, France, to take effect the following day, ending the European conflict of World War II.
May 8 In 1973, militant American Indians who had held the South Dakota hamlet of Wounded Knee for 10 weeks surrendered.
May 9 In 1994, South Africa’s newly elected parliament chose Nelson Mandela to be the country’s first black president.
May 10 In 1869, a golden spike was driven at Promontory, Utah, marking the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in the United States.
May 11 In 1973, charges against Daniel Ellsberg for his role in the Pentagon Papers case were dismissed by Judge William M. Byrne, who cited government misconduct.
May 12 In 1943, during World War II, Axis forces in North Africa surrendered.
May 13 In 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter’s Square by Turkish assailant Mehmet Ali Agca.
May 14 In 1948, the independent state of Israel was proclaimed as British rule in Palestine came to an end.
May 15 In 1911, the Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of Standard Oil Company, ruling it was in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act.
May 16 In 1960, a harsh exchange between Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev and President Dwight D. Eisenhower doomed a much heralded summit conference between the two nations, following the Soviet downing of an American U-2 reconnaissance plane.
May 17 In 1954, the Supreme Court issued its landmark Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka ruling, which declared that racially segregated public schools were inherently unequal.
May 18 In 1980, the Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state exploded, leaving 57 people dead or missing.
May 19 In 1935, T.E. Lawrence, also known as “Lawrence of Arabia,” died in England from injuries sustained in a motorcycle crash.
May 20 In 1961, a white mob attacked a busload of “Freedom Riders” in Montgomery, Ala., prompting the federal government to send in United States marshals to restore order.
May 21 In 1927, Charles A. Lindbergh landed his “Spirit of St. Louis” near Paris, completing the first solo airplane flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
May 22 In 1947, the Truman Doctrine was enacted as Congress appropriated military and economic aid for Greece and Turkey.
May 23 In 1934, bank robbers Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were shot to death in a police ambush as they were driving a stolen Ford Deluxe along a road in Bienville Parish, La.
May 24 In 1883, the Brooklyn Bridge, linking Brooklyn and Manhattan, was opened to traffic.
May 25 In 2006, Kenneth L. Lay and Jeffrey K. Skilling, the chief executives who guided Enron through its spectacular rise and even more stunning fall, were found guilty of fraud and conspiracy.
May 26 In 1868, the Senate impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson ended with his acquittal as the Senate fell one vote short of the two-thirds majority required for conviction.
May 27 In 1964, independent India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, died.
May 28 In 1984, President Reagan led a state funeral at Arlington National Cemetery for an unidentified American soldier killed in the Vietnam War.
May 29 In 1953, Mount Everest was conquered as Edmund Hillary of New Zealand, left, and Tensing Norgay of Nepal became the first climbers to reach the summit.
May 30 In 1958, unidentified soldiers killed in World War II and the Korean conflict were buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
May 31 In 1889, more than 2,000 people perished when a dam break sent water rushing through Johnstown, Pa.

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/on-this-day/

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