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This Day in History


American World War II Senior Military Officials, 1945

On This Day in History November 2018


November 1 In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, in a test at Eniwetok in the Marshall Islands.
November 2 In 1976, former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter defeated Republican incumbent Gerald R. Ford, becoming the first U.S. president from the Deep South since the Civil War.
November 3 In 1936, President Roosevelt was re-elected in a landslide over Republican challenger Alfred M. “Alf” Landon.
November 4 In 2008, Barack Hussein Obama was elected the 44th president of the United States, as the country chose him as its first black chief executive.
November 5 In 1968, Republican Richard M. Nixon won the presidency, defeating Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey and third-party candidate George C. Wallace.
November 6 In 1860, former Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for the United States presidency.
November 7 In 1917, Russia’s Bolshevik Revolution took place as forces led by Vladimir Ilyich Lenin overthrew the provisional government of Alexander Kerensky.
November 8 In 1960, Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy defeated Vice President Richard M. Nixon for the presidency.
November 9 In 1989, East Germany lifted restrictions on emigration or travel to the West, and within hours tens of thousands of East and West Berliners swarmed across the infamous Berlin Wall for a boisterous celebration.
November 10 In 1982, the newly finished Vietnam Veterans Memorial was opened to its first visitors in Washington, D.C.
November 11 In 1918, fighting in World War I came to an end with the signing of an armistice between the Allies and Germany.
November 12 In 1942, the World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. The Americans eventually won a major victory over the Japanese.
November 13 In 1956, the Supreme Court struck down laws calling for racial segregation on public buses.
November 14 In 1972, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 1,000 for the first time, ending the day at 1,003.16.
November 15 In 1969, a quarter of a million protesters staged a peaceful demonstration in Washington, D.C., against the Vietnam War.
November 16 In 1933, the United States and the Soviet Union established diplomatic relations. President Roosevelt sent a telegram to Soviet leader Maxim Litvinov, expressing hope that United States-Soviet relations would “forever remain normal and friendly.”
November 17 In 1973, President Nixon told an Associated Press managing editors meeting in Orlando, Fla., that “people have got to know whether or not their president is a crook. Well, I’m not a crook.”
November 18 In 1976, Spain’s parliament approved a bill to establish a democracy after 37 years of dictatorship.
November 19 In 1863, President Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address as he dedicated a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield in Pennsylvania.
November 20 In 1945, 24 Nazi leaders went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany.
November 21 In 1995, the presidents of three rival Balkan states agreed to make peace in Bosnia, ending nearly four years of terror and ethnic bloodletting that have left a quarter of a million people dead in the worst war in Europe since World War II.
November 22 In 1963, President Kennedy was assassinated while riding in a motorcade in Dallas. Texas Gov. John B. Connally was seriously wounded. A suspect, Lee Harvey Oswald, was arrested. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson became the 36th president of the United States.
November 23 In 1943, during World War II, United States forces seized control of the Tarawa and Makin atolls from the Japanese.
November 24 In 1963, Jack Ruby shot and mortally wounded Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President Kennedy.
November 25 In 1986, the Iran-Contra affair erupted as President Reagan and Attorney General Edwin Meese revealed that profits from secret arms sales to Iran had been diverted to Nicaraguan rebels.
November 26 In 1942, President Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing, beginning December 1.
November 27 In 1973, the Senate voted 92-3 to confirm Gerald R. Ford as vice president, succeeding Spiro T. Agnew, who’d resigned.
November 28 In 1943, President Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin met in Tehran during World War II.
November 29 In 1947, the U.N. General Assembly passed a resolution calling for the partitioning of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.
November 30 In 1995, President Clinton became the first U.S. chief executive to visit Northern Ireland.

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