List of National Historic Landmarks in NY
List of National Historic Landmarks in New York
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For the list of National Historic Landmarks in New York City alone, see List of National Historic Landmarks in New York City.
Elihu Root House, a NHL on the Hamilton College campus
This is a list of all National Historic Landmarks and certain other historic sites designated by the U.S. government in New York State. The United States National Historic Landmark (NHL) program operates under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes buildings, structures, objects, sites and districts of resources according to a list of criteria of national significance. There are 256 NHLs in New York state, which is more than 10 percent of all the NHLs nationwide, and the most of any state. The National Park Service also has listed 20 National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Memorials, and other sites as being historic landmarks of national importance, of which 7 are also designated NHLs. All of these historic landmarks are covered in this list.
There are 136 NHLs in upstate New York, 12 on Long Island, and 108 within New York City (NYC). Three counties have ten or more NHLs: New York County (Manhattan) has 85; Westchester County, just north of NYC, has 17; and Erie County in western New York has 10. Eleven other counties have five to nine NHLs, nine have three or four, 27 counties have one or two, and the remaining twelve of the state’s 62 counties have none. The first New York NHLs were eight designated on October 9, 1960; the latest was designated on September 20, 2006. The NHLs and other landmarks outside of NYC are listed below; the NHLs in NYC are in this companion article.
Seven NHL sites are among the 20 National Park System historic areas in New York State. The other 13 National Park Service areas are also historic landmark sites of national importance, but are already protected by Federal ownership and administration, so NHL designation is unnecessary. A list of these National Park Service areas that conserve historic sites in New York State is also provided. Finally, three former NHLs in the state are also listed.
Slabsides, nature retreat of John Burroughs
New York State NHLs include ten prehistoric or other archeological sites, 12 historical Dutch farmhouses, manors, and historic districts, and 21 architecturally and/or historically important churches or houses of worship. Fully 26 NHLs are primarily military, including 13 fort sites (five standing forts, three fortified houses, and five ruins), five other battlegrounds, seven military headquarters, training facilities, arsenals and armories, and one military shipwreck site. One of these NHLs is associated with the American Civil War while all the rest of these forts and other military places are associated with the French and Indian War and/or the American Revolutionary War.
There are nine NHL ships, including a warship and a tugboat that served in World War II, one warship that saw combat in the Vietnam War, three sailing boats, two fireboats and a light vessel. Salient in the list are 24 mansions, and four sites primarily significant for their architectural landscaping. Many properties, numbering in the thousands, are contributing or non-contributing structures in the state’s nine National Historic Landmark Districts.
Intellectual accomplishments of New Yorkers are associated with 22 sites, including nine university buildings, ten other NHLs associated with inventions, inventors or scientists, and four engineering landmarks, including two bridges that were once the longest of their types. Commercial accomplishments include 11 historic skyscrapers, five of which were once the tallest in the world, seven stock exchanges and other buildings important in commercial history, two bank buildings, five industrial facilities, and three water-based civil engineering works. Two are architectural oddities.
Mohonk Mountain House, a resort hotel located on the Shawangunk Ridge
Political and social accomplishments are represented by four former mental care institutions (a legacy of the state’s leading role in mental health care), 14 sites associated with suffragettes or other women leaders, five Underground Railroad or other sites associated with abolitionists, six sites associated with African-American leaders, three sites associated with labor rights, and four sites associated with other social activism. In addition, there are 21 homes of other national leaders and six government buildings that are significant on a national scale.
Community, arts and entertainment accomplishments represented include two utopian communes, the Adirondack Park and four of its Great Camps, and five other retreat sites. No fewer than nine artist homes or studios are landmarked, as well as nine homes of writers and composers. There are four club buildings, of which two are historical societies, and eight entertainment venues or sites associated with entertainers. Sixteen others are unique sites that are difficult to classify.
McGraw-Hill Building, 42nd St., NYC
Notable architects whose work is represented in the NHLs of the state include: Alexander Jackson Davis (7 sites), Andrew Jackson Downing (2), William West Durant (2), Leopold Eidlitz (2), Cass Gilbert (2) Henry J. Hardenbergh (2), Raymond Hood (3), Philip Hooker (2), Minard Lafever (7), John McComb Jr. (3), Frederick Law Olmsted (3), Isaac G. Perry (2), George B. Post (3), James Renwick, Jr. (4) Henry Hobson Richardson (2), Louis Sullivan (2), Richard Upjohn (6), Calvert Vaux (6), and Frederick Clarke Withers (2). The firm McKim, Mead, and White participated in design of at least six buildings later declared to be NHLs. It was also that firm’s work, Pennsylvania Station, whose pending demolition in 1963 launched a historic preservation movement in New York City and led to creation of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1965.
Current National Historic Landmarks outside New York City
The state of New York, exclusive of NYC, is home to 148 of these landmarks, which are tabulated here. Of these, the first seven were designated on October 9, 1960; the latest was designated on October 10, 2008. For consistency, the sites are named here as designated under the National Historic Landmark program. Twenty-three of these are also State Historic Sites (SHS), and fourteen are National Park System areas; these designations are indicated in italics.
Landmark name Image Location County Description
1. Adams Power Plant Transformer House May 4, 1983 Niagara Transformer house of the first large-scale, alternating current electric generating plant in the world; tapped power of Niagara Falls via a 7,500 foot (2,286m) tail-race tunnel
2. Adirondack Park May 23, 1963 All of Essex and Hamilton and parts of Clinton, Franklin, Fulton, Herkimer, Lewis, Oneida, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren, and Washington Largest publicly protected area in the lower 48 United States; largest National Historic Landmark; largest and one of earliest areas protected by any state; established in 1885; later protected in “forever wild” section of New York state constitution
3. Susan B. Anthony House May 23, 1965 Monroe Home of Susan B. Anthony, prominent 19th century women’s rights activist
4. Armour-Stiner House December 8, 1976 Westchester Octagonal implementation of architectural ideas of Orson Squire Fowler
5. Bennington Battlefield Bennington Battlefield SHS January 20, 1961 Rensselaer Site of Battle of Bennington, where the American defeat of a British foraging party of dragoons helped assure the Continental Army’s pivotal victory at Saratoga
6. Boston Post Road Historic District August 30, 1993 Westchester Three mansions and grounds, including the 1838 Peter Augustus Jay House and Jay Property, Lounsberry and Whitby Castle, a private cemetery, and a nature preserve running from Boston Post Road down to the Long Island Sound, an area essentially unchanged for 200 years
7. Boughton Hill (Gannagaro) Ganondagan SHS July 19, 1964 Ontario The site of a 17th century Seneca village known as the Town of Peace and birthplace of the Iroquois Confederacy
8. Bronck House December 24, 1967 Greene Oldest structure in upstate New York; excellent example of Dutch colonial architecture
9. Dr. Oliver Bronson House and Estate July 31, 2003 Columbia Early example of the Hudson River bracketed style of Alexander Jackson Davis
10. John Brown Farm and Gravesite John Brown Farm SHS August 6, 1998 Essex Home and final resting place of famous abolitionist John Brown, executed for his raid on Harper’s Ferry Armory before the Civil War
11. Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Building February 27, 1987 Erie Parthenon-evoking legacy of the 1901 Pan American Exposition; turned over to historical society afterwards
12. Buffalo State Hospital June 24, 1986 Erie Architect H. H. Richardson’s largest commission; advent of his characteristic Richardsonian Romanesque style; used to care for the mentally ill; grounds designed by Frederick Law Olmsted
13. John Burroughs’ Riverby Study November 24, 1968 Ulster Small frame structure built in 1881 by naturalist John Burroughs as a writing retreat; in this study, that looks east over the Hudson River, Burroughs wrote Fresh Fields (1884), Signs and Seasons (1886), Indoor Studies (1889), and Riverby (1894)
14. Camp Pine Knot August 18, 2004 Hamilton First of the Adirondack Great Camps; designed and built by William West Durant
15. Canfield Casino and Congress Park February 27, 1987 Saratoga Former resort and casino; now houses the Saratoga Springs History Museum
16. Chautauqua Historic District June 29, 1989 Chautauqua Adult education and summer retreat; focuses on programs related to arts, education, religion and recreation; well-preserved 19th century architecture
17. Christeen (sloop) December 4, 1992 Nassau Oldest oyster sloop in the U.S.
18. Frederick E. Church House Olana SHS June 22, 1965 Columbia Calvert Vaux-designed home of Hudson River School painter Frederic Edwin Church; also known as Olana
19. Clermont Clermont SHS November 28, 1972 Columbia Ancestral home of the Livingston family, prominent in colonial and early New York; known also as Clermont Manor
20. Cobblestone Historic District April 19, 1993 Orleans Three buildings: a First Universalist Church, the Ward House, and schoolhouse exemplifying 19th-century U.S. cobblestone architecture at its highest
21. Thomas Cole House Thomas Cole National Historic Site June 23, 1965 Greene Home and studio of painter Thomas Cole, founder of the Hudson River School of American painting
22. Roscoe Conkling House May 15, 1975 Oneida Home of Roscoe Conkling, divisive U.S. senator in years after Civil War; leader of Stalwart faction of Republican Party; contributor to atmosphere that led to the assassination of James Garfield 22.5 Aaron Copland House October 6, 2008 Cortlandt Manor Westchester Home of composer Aaron Copland for last 30 years of his life
23. Croton Aqueduct (Old) Old Croton Aqueduct SHS April 27, 1992 Croton River to Manhattan Westchester Large and complex water supply system for New York City; constructed between 1837 and 1842
24. Delaware and Hudson Canal November 24, 1968 Kingston, NY, Rosendale, NY, Ellenville, NY, Port Jervis, NY, Lackawaxen, PA and Honesdale, PA Orange, NY, Sullivan, NY, Ulster, NY, Pike, PA and Wayne, PA Vital coal supply line for New York City in 19th century; shared with Pennsylvania
25. De Wint House May 23, 1968 Rockland Oldest building in Rockland County; outstanding example of Dutch colonial architecture; used by George Washington as headquarters during final negotiations for British withdrawal from New York City
26. John William Draper House May 15, 1975 Westchester Home and observatory of John William Draper, astrophotography pioneer and first person to have photographed the Moon with recognizable surface features
27. Dutch Reformed Church August 7, 2001 Orange Church designed by Alexander Jackson Davis in 1835 in the Greek Revival style
28. Dutch Reformed Church (Sleepy Hollow) November 5, 1961 Westchester Oldest church building in state dates to 1685; figures prominently in Washington Irving’s “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”
29. Eagle Island Camp August 18, 2004 Franklin One of the original Adirondack Great Camps, on Upper Saranac Lake; used as a Girl Scout camp today
30. George Eastman House November 13, 1966 Monroe The home of George Eastman, founder of Kodak, now an internationally known photography museum
31. Edward M. Cotter (fireboat) June 28, 1996 Erie In use for 107 years; oldest active fireboat in the world
32. Elephant Hotel April 5, 2005 Westchester “Cradle of the American circus” when it was used as headquarters by Hachaliah Bailey in the 1830s; today serves as both a museum and Somers Town Hall
33. Erie Canal National Historic Landmark Schoharie Crossing SHS October 9, 1960 Glen and Florida Montgomery Aqueduct for Erie Canal over Schoharie Creek
34. Millard Fillmore House May 30, 1974 Erie Only surviving home of 13th U.S. President Millard Fillmore, besides the White House
35. First Presbyterian Church April 19, 1994 Suffolk Egyptian Revival style church
36. First Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Kingston October 10, 2008 Kingston Ulster 1850 “Old Dutch Church” is third home to congregation established in 1659. Nearby graves include George Clinton. One of the few Minard Lefever churches whose original steeple has survived. His only intact Renaissance Revival church, and his only known one in stone.
37. Gen. William Floyd House July 17, 1971 Oneida Upstate home of William Floyd, a signer of the Declaration of Independence
38. Fort Corchaug Archeological Site January 20, 1999 Southold Suffolk Site of a Native American fort
39. Fort Crailo Crailo SHS November 11, 1961 Rensselaer Dutch colonial patroonship house; may be place where “Yankee Doodle” was written
40. Fort Crown Point Crown Point SHS November 24, 1968 Essex Built by British to secure Lake Champlain against French in mid-18th century
41. Fort Johnson November 28, 1972 Montgomery Home of Sir William Johnson, and later his son Sir John Johnson.
42. Fort Klock November 28, 1972 Montgomery Mid-18th century fortified stone homestead in the Mohawk River Valley
43. Fort Massapeag Archeological Site April 19, 1993 Oyster Bay Nassau Archaeological site in Oyster Bay, New York
44. Fort Montgomery Fort Montgomery SHS November 28, 1972 Orange Built by Continental Army in an attempt to control Hudson River; later taken and destroyed by British
45. Fort Niagara Old Fort Niagara SHS October 9, 1960 Niagara Originally built by British during French and Indian War; served as US post in War of 1812 until retaken by British; ceded back at war’s end
46. Fort Orange Archeological Site November 4, 1993 Albany Archaeological site at first permanent Dutch settlement in New Netherland
47. Fort St. Crown Point SHS October 9, 1960 Crown Point Essex Mostly destroyed by French forces in French and Indian War; British used site for Fort Crown Point
48. Fort Stanwix Fort Stanwix National Monument November 23, 1962 Oneida Modern reconstruction of colonial fort on original site
49. Fort Ticonderoga October 9, 1960 Essex Site of important battles in both French and Indian War and American Revolution
50. General Electric Research Laboratory May 15, 1975 Schenectady First industrial research facility in the U.S.
51. Geneseo Historic District July 17, 1991 Livingston Well-preserved 19th century upstate village
52. Jay Gould Estate November 13, 1966 Westchester Alexander Jackson Davis-designed Gothic Revival mansion named Lyndhurst; became home to rail baron Jay Gould
53. W. & L. E. Gurley Building May 4, 1983 Rensselaer Classical Revival structure; built in 1862; housed the W. & L. E. Gurley Company, a maker of precision measuring instruments
54. James Hall Office December 8, 1976 Albany Office of paleontologist James Hall, a leader in research on the geology of North America during the 19th century; designed by Vaux and Olmsted
55. Harmony Mills January 20, 1999 Albany Largest cotton mill complex in the world when it opened in 1872; one of the finest examples of a large-scale textile mill complex outside of New England
56. E.H. Harriman Estate November 13, 1966 Orange Estate of railroad magnate Edward Harriman; also known as Arden
57. John Hartford House December 22, 1977 Westchester Home of John Hartford, whose family built A&P into the first nationwide retail chain
58. Jean Hasbrouck House December 24, 1967 Ulster Early eighteenth century example of Hudson Valley Dutch architecture; located within the Huguenot Street Historic District
59. Lemuel Haynes House May 15, 1975 Washington Last home of Lemuel Haynes, first African-American preacher ordained in America.
60. Historic Track May 23, 1966 Orange Oldest continuously operated horse racing facility in U.S.
61. Holland Land Office October 9, 1960 Genesee Main office of Holland Land Company, early owners of Western New York.
62. Franklin Hough House May 23, 1963 Lewis Home of Franklin Hough, considered the father of American forestry
63. Hudson River Historic District December 14, 1990 East bank of river between Staatsburg and Germantown Dutchess and Columbia View of Catskills across river from here inspired Hudson River School artists; small towns with much land use and architecture preserved from past eras
64. Hudson River State Hospital June 30, 1989 Dutchess Frederick Clarke Withers-designed first institutional building in the U.S. in High Victorian Gothic style. Grounds designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux
65. Huguenot Street Historic District October 9, 1960 Ulster One of the oldest continuously inhabited neighborhoods in the current United States of America (Taos Pueblo is another)
66. Hurley Historic District November 5, 1961 Ulster Ten stone Dutch Colonial houses; served as the capitol of NY for two months during the American Revolution
67. Hyde Hall Hyde Hall SHS June 24, 1986 Otsego One of the finest American houses that combines the architectural traditions of England and America; one of the few surviving works of Philip Hooker.
68. John Jay Homestead John Jay Homestead SHS May 29, 1981 Westchester Home of John Jay, first Chief Justice of the United States
69. Johnson Hall Johnson Hall SHS October 9, 1960 Fulton Later home of Sir William Johnson; Johnson Hall was seized by the rebel government during the American Revolution and was subsequently acquired by Silas Talbot.
70. Kleinhans Music Hall June 30, 1989 Erie Home of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, designed by Eliel and Eero Saarinen.
71. Knox Headquarters Knox’s Headquarters SHS November 28, 1972 Orange Headquarters of Gen. Henry Knox during the American Revolution
72. Lake Mohonk Mountain House June 24, 1986 Ulster Distinctive resort on Shawangunk Ridge; site of 1895-1916 conference that led to establishment of Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague
73. Lamoka Site January 20, 1961 Tyrone Schuyler First archeological evidence of an Archaic (c. 3,500 BCE) hunter-gatherer culture in the U.S.
74. Land Tortoise (shipwreck) August 6, 1998 Bottom of Lake George Warren Only known example of a radeau (simple flat-bottomed ship with cannon), sunk under 100Â feet (30Â m) of water during French and Indian War
75. Irving Langmuir House January 7, 1976 Schenectady Home of physicist-chemist Irving Langmuir, winner of the 1932 Nobel Prize during his research career with General Electric
76 Lindenwald Martin Van Buren National Historic Site July 4, 1961 Columbia Home of U.S. President Martin Van Buren; designed in part by Richard Upjohn
77 Macedonia Baptist Church (Michigan Street Baptist Church) February 12, 1974 Buffalo Erie African-American church built in 1845 and used as a “station” on the Underground Railroad.
78 Manitoga (Russel Wright Home) February 17, 2006 Putnam House and studio of industrial designer Russel Wright. Designed by Wright and his wife to be sustainable and blend in with surrounding environment
79 Darwin D. Martin House David Martin House SHS February 24, 1986 Erie Considered the most important building of architect Frank Lloyd Wright’s early career.
80 Lewis Miller Cottage, Chautauqua Institution December 21, 1965 Chautauqua Home of Lewis Miller, founder of Chautauqua Institution, located on grounds
81 Modesty (sloop) August 7, 2001 Suffolk Example of a Long Island oyster dredging sloop, and only extant one that operated purely on sail power
82 Mohawk Upper Castle Historic District November 4, 1993 Danube Herkimer Historic district including the Indian Castle Church as well as archaeological site areas
83 Montgomery Place April 8, 1992 Dutchess Federal-style house, with expansion designed by architect Alexander Jackson Davis
84 Thomas Moran House December 21, 1965 Suffolk Home of the Hudson River School painter Thomas Moran who helped inspire the creation of the National Park system
85 Morrill Hall December 21, 1965 Tompkins First building of Cornell University
86 Samuel F. B. Morse House Locust Grove January 29, 1964 Dutchess Home of telegraph inventor Samuel F. B. Morse in his later years; preserved by subsequent owners
87 William Sidney Mount House December 21, 1965 Suffolk Home and studio of painter William Sidney Mount
88 Mount Lebanon Shaker Society June 23, 1965 Columbia Main Shaker community established in U.S.
89 Kate Mullany House April 1, 1998 Rensselaer Home of Kate Mullany, early female labor organizer and founder of Collar Laundry Union
90 Nash (tugboat) December 4, 1992 Oswego Last surviving U.S. Army vessel that participated in World War II’s D-Day Normandy landing
91 New York State Capitol January 29, 1979 Albany Built in two different architectural styles; one of ten U.S. state capitol buildings without a dome
92 New York State Inebriate Asylum December 9, 1997 Broome First hospital built to treat alcoholism and view it as a medical problem rather than a character flaw
93 Newtown Battlefield Newtown Battlefield State Park November 28, 1972 Chemung Site of only major battle of the Sullivan Expedition, a decisive victory by General John Sullivan over of Loyalist-Indian forces led by Joseph Brant, in August 1779
94 Niagara Reservation May 23, 1963 Niagara Oldest U.S. state park (1885); built around U.S. side of Niagara Falls
95 Nott Memorial Hall June 24, 1986 Schenectady Sixteen-sided building on Union College campus considered outstanding example of Victorian Gothic architecture
96 Old Blenheim Bridge January 29, 1964 Schoharie Longest single span covered bridge in Eastern United States; one of the longest in the world
97 Old Main, Vassar College June 24, 1986 Dutchess Second Empire building was the second building of one of America’s first women’s colleges
98 Old House November 5, 1961 Suffolk Built in 1649; asserted to be “one of the finest surviving examples of English domestic architecture in America”
99 Oneida Community Mansion House June 23, 1965 Madison Built in 1848 for the Oneida Community
100 Oriskany Battlefield Oriskany Battlefield SHS November 23, 1962 Oneida Local militias held off pro-British Indians and Loyalists in Battle of Oriskany, one of the few battles of the Revolutionary War in which all participants were natives of North America
101 Owl’s Nest November 11, 1971 Lake George Warren Home of author Edward Eggleston, one of America’s first realist novelists
102 Thomas Paine Cottage November 28, 1972 Westchester Home and gravesite of Thomas Paine, author of Common Sense
103 Palisades Interstate Park January 12, 1965 Hudson River shoreline; shared with New Jersey Rockland, NY, Orange County, NY, and Bergen, NJ Joint effort by two states to preserve scenic beauty of west Hudson Palisades and protect them from development and quarrying
104 Petrified Sea Gardens January 20, 1999 Saratoga First stromatolites in North America discovered here; fossils of marine algae were fully described by pioneering female paleontologist Winifred Goldring
105 Philipsburg Manor House November 5, 1961 Westchester Historic house, water mill, and trading site; at one time, one of the largest slave holdings in the colonial North
106 Philpse Manor Hall Philpse Manor Hall SHS November 5, 1961 Westchester Historic house museum; Westchester County’s oldest standing building
107 Plattsburgh Bay December 19, 1960 Clinton Site of Battle of Plattsburgh, where U.S. land and naval forces repulsed the last foreign invasion attempt on the northern states during the War of 1812
108 Playland Amusement Park February 27, 1987 Westchester The only publicly-owned amusement park in the U.S.; rides and attractions were designed in the Art Deco style
109 Jackson Pollock House and Studio April 14, 1994 Suffolk Home and studio of painter Jackson Pollock and his wife Lee Krasner beginning in 1945
110 Priscilla (sloop) February 17, 2006 Suffolk Example of a classic Long Island oyster dredging sloop
111 Prudential (Guaranty) Building May 15, 1975 Erie Early skyscraper design; collaboration between Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler
112 John D. Rockefeller Estate May 11, 1976 Westchester Estate of the oil tycoons, the Rockefeller family; also known as Kykuit
113 Elihu Root House November 28, 1972 Oneida Home of Elihu Root, U.S. Senator, Secretary of War, Secretary of State, and recipient of the 1912 Nobel Peace Prize
114 Rose Hill Mansion June 24, 1986 Fayette Seneca Large-scale Greek Revival house
115 Roycroft Campus February 26, 1986 Erie Elbert Hubbard-founded home of a key community in the Arts and crafts movement
116 Rudolph Oyster House August 7, 2001 Suffolk Early 20th century seafood processing plant
117 Sagamore Camp May 16, 2000 Hamilton Designed by William West Durant; one of the most sophisticated and evolved examples of the Adirondack Great Camps
118 St. Paul’s Cathedral December 23, 1987 Erie Gothic Revival church designed by Richard Upjohn
119 St. Peter’s Episcopal Church January 16, 1980 Albany Gothic church by architect Richard Upjohn
120 Santanoni Preserve May 16, 2000 Newcomb Essex One of the earliest Adirondack Great Camps; a major influence on later ones
121 Saratoga Spa State Park February 27, 1987 Saratoga Site of only active geysers in Eastern U.S.; popular resort for wealthy in early 20th century
122 Philip Schuyler MansiSchuyler Mansion SHS December 24, 1967 Albany Home of Philip Schuyler, general in the Continental Army and early U.S. Senator
123 Schuyler Flatts Archaeological District November 4, 1993 Albany Albany Archeological district with artifacts from 6,000 years of human habitation
124 William Seward House January 29, 1964 Cayuga Home of William Henry Seward, statesman whose long career was capped by the purchase of Alaska as Secretary of State, for most of his life
125 Slabsides November 24, 1968 Ulster Log cabin built by John Burroughs and son as nature retreat
126 Gerrit Smith Estate January 3, 2001 Peterboro Madison Home of Gerrit Smith, 19th century social reformer and presidential candidate
127 John Philip Sousa House May 23, 1966 Nassau Home of legendary bandleader and composer John Philip Sousa
128 Springside August 11, 1969 Dutchess Only surviving landscape designed by Andrew Jackson Downing; also known as Matthew Vassar Estate
129 Elizabeth Cady Stanton House June 23, 1965 Seneca Home of 19th century feminist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
130 Steepletop November 11, 1971 Columbia Home of Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Edna St. Vincent Millay
131 Stony Point Battlefield
Stony Point Battlefield SHS January 20, 1961 Rockland Site of Anthony Wayne’s victory over the British in the Battle of Stony Point
132 Sunnyside December 29, 1962 Westchester Estate of writer Washington Irving, best known for his short stories “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” and “Rip Van Winkle”
133 USS The Sullivans January 14, 1986 Erie Excellent example of a Fletcher class destroyer; saw service in World War II and Korea; now in the Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park
134 Top Cottage December 9, 1997 Hyde Park Dutchess Fieldstone cottage built as retreat for Franklin D. Roosevelt, with his input; one of the first American buildings designed to be fully wheelchair accessible
135 Troy Savings Bank April 11, 1989 Rensselaer Designed by George B. Post to accommodate both a functioning bank on the first floor and an auditorium
136 Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, Harriet Tubman Residence, Thompson A.M.E. Zion Church May 30, 1974 Cayuga Properties associated with Harriet Tubman, a conductor on the Underground Railroad
137 United States Military Academy December 19, 1960 Orange Commonly known as West Point; oldest continuously occupied military post in the nation and alma mater of many U.S. Army leaders
138 Utica State Hospital (Main Building) July 30, 1989 Utica Oneida First hospital for the “insane poor”; archetypal Greek Revival building
139 Valcour Bay January 1, 1961 Lake Champlain Clinton Site of Battle of Valcour Island during the Revolutionary War
140 Van Alen House December 24, 1967 Kinderhook Columbia Exemplary Dutch colonial farmhouse, built in 1737 and preserved largely intact
141 Van Cortlandt Manor November 5, 1961 Westchester Colonial manor house from early 18th century
142 Vassar College Observatory July 17, 1991 Dutchess Workplace and home of Maria Mitchell, important 19th century astronomer and pioneering woman in the science
143 Villa Lewaro May 11, 1976 Westchester Home of Madam C.J. Walker, first known African-American millionaire
144 Washington’s Headquarters Washington’s Headquarters SHS January 20, 1961 Orange Headquarters of Washington during the final years of the Revolutionary War; Dutch stone house; oldest building in Newburgh; first-ever property designated as a historic site by a U.S. state
145 Watervliet Arsenal November 13, 1966 Albany Oldest arsenal in U.S.
146 Elkanah Watson House July 19, 1964 Essex Home of Elkanah Watson, Revolutionary-era diplomat, founder of the county fair and early promoter of canals
147 Willard Memorial Chapel-Welch Memorial Hall April 5, 2005 Cayuga Last remaining Louis Comfort Tiffany stained glass installation in its original form
Current NHLs in NYC
Main article: List of National Historic Landmarks in New York City
New York City alone is home to 108 NHLs. The earliest was one designated on October 9, 1960; the latest was designated on September 20, 2006. Many of the NHLs in NYC are also landmarked individually or as part of districts by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. See List of New York City Designated Landmarks.
Historic areas in the United States National Park System
National Historic Sites, National Historic Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are often not also named NHLs per se. There are 20 of these in New York State. The National Park Service lists 18 of these together with the NHLs in the state, and there are also two National Historic Sites that are “affiliated areas,” receiving National Park Service support but not directly administered by it. Seven of the 20 were declared National Historic Landmarks, in several instances before receiving the higher protection designation, and retain their NHL standing. Four of these are listed above and three are included within the New York City list of NHLs. The 13 others are:
Landmark name Image Date established Location County Description
1 Castle Clinton National Monument August 12, 1946 New York New York Circular sandstone fort in Battery Park at the southern tip of Manhattan, New York City
2 Statue of Liberty National Monument October 15, 1924 Liberty Island New York Monument presented to the United States by the people of France in 1886
3 Saratoga National Historical Park June 1, 1938 Stillwater, Schuylerville and Victory Saratoga Site of the 1777 Battle of Saratoga, the first significant American military victory of the American Revolutionary War
4 Women’s Rights National Historical Park December 8, 1980 Seneca Falls and Waterloo Seneca Established in 1980 in Seneca Falls and nearby Waterloo, New York; includes the Wesleyan Chapel, site of the First Women’s Rights Convention and the Elizabeth Cady Stanton House
5 Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site May 27, 1977 Hyde Park Dutchess Eleanor Roosevelt developed property; place that she could develop some of her ideas for work with winter jobs for rural workers and women; includes a large two-story stuccoed building that housed Val-Kill Industries; would become Eleanor’s home after Franklin’s death
6 Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site January 15, 1944 Hyde Park Dutchess Birthplace, life-long home, and burial place of the 32nd President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt
7 Sagamore Hill National Historic Site July 25, 1962 Cove Neck Nassau Home of the 26th President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt from 1886 until his death in 1919
8 Saint Paul’s Church National Historic Site July 5, 1943 Mount Vernon Westchester Colonial church used as a military hospital during the American Revolutionary War
9 Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site July 25, 1962 New York New York Theodore Roosevelt born on this site on October 27, 1858
10 Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site November 2, 1966 Buffalo Erie Site of Theodore Roosevelt’s oath of office as President of the United States on September 14, 1901
11 Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site December 18, 1940 Hyde Park Dutchess Includes pleasure grounds with views of the Hudson River and Catskill Mountains, formal gardens, natural woodlands, and numerous support structures as well as a 54 room mansion; completed in 1898; perfect example of the Beaux-Arts architecture style
12 Federal Hall National Memorial May 26, 1939 New York New York First capital of the United States of America; site of George Washington’s first inauguration in 1789; place where the United States Bill of Rights passed; original building was demolished in the nineteenth century; replaced by the current structure, that served as the first United States Customs House
13 General Grant National Memorial April 27, 1897 New York New York Mausoleum containing the bodies of Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), an American Civil War General and the 18th President of the United States, and his wife, Julia Dent Grant (1826-1902)
There are four other National Park Service areas in New York State that do not have historic standing. Former NHLs in New York, Landmark name, Image Date of designation Location County Description
1 Edwin H. Armstrong House January 7, 1976 Yonkers Westchester Home of scientist and FM radio inventor Edwin H. Armstrong; demolished in 1983 and subsequently de-designated
2 USS Edson (DD-946) June 21, 1990 Manhattan New York One of two surviving Forrest Sherman-class destroyers; saw action from World War II to Vietnam; In NYC from 1989-2004; now in Philadelphia; soon to be moved to Wisconsin
3 Fir (Coast Guard cutter) April 27, 1992 Staten Island (formerly intended) Richmond (formerly intended) Lighthouse tender that served on west coast; last working vessel in the fleet of the United States Lighthouse Service, ancestors of today’s Coast Guard buoy tenders; at NHL designation it was intended to become a museum ship in New York, but it is unclear if the ship ever visited; recently sold in California
4 Nantucket (lightship) December 20, 1989 Largest lightship ever built. Originally listed while she was primarily in Maine; sojourned for several years in Oyster Bay, New York. Arrived in Boston May 11, 2010