Tim Russert the lawyer his best cross-examinations
TIM RUSSERT- Tim felt his life’s calling was to understand politics and public policy and interpret it so the average viewer would understand. His lawyers background came in handy as he cross-examined the public figures he invited on Meet the Press. The NBC newsman died suddenly of a heart attack while getting ready for another Sunday of Meet the Press, at the Washington news bureau, Friday, June 13, 2008.
Russert in October 2007
Timothy John “Tim” Russert (May 7, 1950 – June 13, 2008) was an Americantelevision journalist and lawyer who appeared for more than 16 years as the longest-serving moderator of NBC‘s Meet the Press. He was a senior vice president at NBC News, Washington bureau chief and also hosted an eponymous CNBC/MSNBCweekend interview program. He was a frequent correspondent and guest on NBC’sThe Today Show and Hardball. Russert covered several presidential elections, and he presented the NBC News/Wall Street Journal survey on the NBC Nightly Newsduring the 2008 U.S. presidential election. Time magazine included Russert in its listof the 100 most influential people in the world in 2008. Russert was posthumously revealed as a 30-year source for syndicated columnist Robert Novak.
Russert was born in Buffalo, New York, the son of Elizabeth “Betty” (née Seeley), a homemaker, and Timothy Joseph “Big Russ” Russert (November 29, 1923 – September 24, 2009), a sanitation worker. Elizabeth and Joseph were married for 30 years, before separating in 1976. Russert was the second of four children; his sisters are Betty Ann (B.A.), Kathleen (Kathy) and Patricia (Trish). His parents were Catholics, and he had German and Irish ancestry. He received a Jesuit education from Canisius High School in Buffalo.
He received his B.A. in 1972 from John Carroll University and a Juris Doctor with honors from the Cleveland State University, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law in 1976. Russert commented on Meet the Press that he went to Woodstock, “in a Buffalo Bills jersey with a case of beer.” While in law school, an official from his alma mater, John Carroll University, called Russert to ask if he could book some concerts for the school as he had done while a student. He agreed, but said he would need to be paid because he was running out of money to pay for law school. One concert that Russert booked was headlined by a then-unknown singer, Bruce Springsteen, who charged $2,500 for the concert appearance. Russert told this story to Jay Leno when he was a guest on The Tonight Show on NBC on June 6, 2006. John Carroll University has since named its Department of Communication and Theatre Arts in Russert’s honor.
Professional career – Political
Prior to becoming host of Meet the Press, Russert worked as a special counsel, and later as chief of staff, to U.S. Senator Daniel Moynihan, a Democrat from New York. In 1983, he became the counsel to New York Governor Mario Cuomo, also a Democrat.
NBC News: Washington bureau chief and host of Meet the Press
He was hired by NBC News’ Washington bureau the following year and became bureau chief by 1989. Russert assumed the job of host of the Sunday morning program Meet the Press in 1991, and would become the longest serving host of the program. Its name was changed to Meet the Press with Tim Russert, and, at his suggestion, went to an hour-long format in 1992. The show also shifted to a greater focus on in-depth interviews with high profile guests, where Russert was known especially for his extensive preparatory research. One approach he developed was to find old quotes or video clips that were inconsistent with guests’ more recent statements, present them on-air to his guests and then ask them to clarify their positions. With Russert as host the show became increasingly popular, receiving more than four million viewers per week, and it was recognized as one of the most important sources of political news. Time magazine named Russert one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2008, and Russert often moderated political campaign debates.
Political coverage and debates
During NBC’s coverage of the 2000 presidential election, Russert calculated possible Electoral College outcomes using awhiteboard (now in the Smithsonian Institution) on the air and memorably summed up the outcome as dependent upon “Florida, Florida, Florida.” TV Guide described the scene as “one of the 100 greatest moments in TV history.” Russert again accurately predicted the final battleground of the presidential elections of 2004: “Ohio, Ohio, Ohio.” On the MSNBC show Tucker, Russert predicted the battleground states of the 2008 presidential election would be New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona and Nevada, saying, “If Democrats can win three of those four, they can lose Ohio and Florida, and win the presidency.”
Red states and blue states
According to The Washington Post, the phrases red states and blue states were coined by Tim Russert, although in that same article Russert states that he wasn’t the first to use the terminology. This term refers to those states of the United States of America whose residents predominantly vote for the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates, respectively. John Chancellor, Russert’s NBC colleague, is credited with using red and blue to represent the states on a US map for the 1976 presidential election, but at that time Republican states were blue, and Democratic states were red (How the colors got reversed is not entirely clear). Mainstream political discussion following the 2000 presidential election used red state/blue state more frequently.
CIA leak scandal
In the Plame affair, Scooter Libby, convicted chief of staff for Vice President Dick Cheney, told special prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald that Russert told him of the identity of Central Intelligence Agency officer Valerie Plame (Mrs. Joseph C. Wilson). Russert testified previously, and again in United States v. I. Lewis Libby, that he would neither testify whether he spoke with Libby nor would he describe the conversation. Russert did say, however, that Plame’s identity as a CIA operative was not leaked to him. Russert testified again in the trial on February 7, 2007. According to the Washington Post, Russert testified that “when any senior government official calls him, they are presumptively off the record,” saying: “when I talk to senior government officials on the phone, it’s my own policy our conversations are confidential. If I want to use anything from that conversation, then I will ask permission.”
At the trial, the prosecution asserted that a Federal Bureau of Investigation agent had called Russert regarding Russert’s phone call with Libby, and that Russert had told the agent that the subject of Plame had not come up during his conversation with Libby. Russert was posthumously revealed as a thirty-year source of columnist Robert Novak, whose original article revealed Plame’s affiliation with the CIA. In a Slate.com article, Jack Shafer argued that “the Novak-Russert relationship poses a couple of questions. […] Russert’s long service as an anonymous source to Novak…requires further explanation.” In a posthumous commentary, the L.A. Times wrote that, “Like former New York Times reporter Judith Miller, Russert was one of the high-level Washington journalists who came out of the Libby trial looking worse than shabby.” The article’s author, Tim Rutten, argued that although Russert and NBC had claimed that these conversations were protected by journalistic privilege, “it emerged under examination [that] Russert already had sung like a choirboy to the FBI concerning his conversation with Libby—and had so voluntarily from the first moment the Feds contacted him. All the litigation was for the sake of image and because the journalistic conventions required it.”
In the lead up to the Iraq War, Meet the Press featured interviews with top government officials including Vice President Dick Cheney. CBS Evening News correspondent Anthony Mason praised Russert’s interview techniques: “In 2003, as the United States prepared to go to war in Iraq, Russert pressed Vice President Dick Cheney about White House assumptions.” However, Salon.com reported a statement from Cheney press aide Cathie Martin regarding advice she says she offered when the Bush administration had to respond to charges that it manipulated pre-Iraq War intelligence: “I suggested we put the vice president onMeet the Press, which was a tactic we often used. It’s our best format.” David Folkenflik quoted Russert in his May 19, 2004, Baltimore Sun article:
|“I don’t think the public was, at that time, particularly receptive to hearing it,” Russert says. “Back in October of 2002, when there was a debate in Congress about the war in Iraq—three-fourths of both houses of Congress voted with the president to go. Those in favor were so dominant. We don’t make up the facts. We cover the facts as they were.”|
Folkenflik went on to write:
|“Russert’s remarks would suggest a form of journalism that does not raise the insolent question from outside polite political discourse—so, if an administration’s political foes aren’t making an opposing case, it’s unlikely to get made. In the words of one of my former editors, journalists can read the polls just like anybody else.”|
In the 2007 PBS documentary, Buying the War, Russert commented:
|“My concern was, is that there were concerns expressed by other government officials. And to this day, I wish my phone had rung, or I had access to them.”
2008 presidential debate
At the February debate, Russert was criticized for what some perceived as disproportionately tough questioning of Democratic presidential contender Hillary Clinton. Among the questions, Russert had asked Clinton, but not Obama, to provide the name of the new Russian President (Dmitry Medvedev). This was later parodied on Saturday Night Live. In October 2007, liberal commentators accused Russert of harassing Clinton over the issue of supporting drivers’ licenses for illegal immigrants.
Russert’s last book, Wisdom of Our Fathers
Russert penned a best-selling autobiography, Big Russ and Me in 2004, which chronicled his life growing up in the predominantly Irish American working-class neighborhood of South Buffalo and his education at Canisius High School. Russert’s father Timothy Joseph Russert, “Big Russ,” was a World War II veteran who held down two jobs after the war, emphasized the importance of maintaining strong family values, the reverence of faith, and never taking a short cut to reach a goal. Russert claimed to have received over 60,000 letters from people in response to the book, detailing their own experiences with their fathers. He released Wisdom of Our Fathers: Lessons and Letters from Daughters and Sons in 2005, a collection of some of these letters. This book also became a best-seller.
Cameo television appearance
Russert made a cameo appearance in 1995 on the critically acclaimed police drama, Homicide: Life on the Street. He played the cousin of fictional Baltimore homicide detective Megan Russert. He was mentioned by name again on the show in 1996, when it was said that he had introduced his “cousin” to a French diplomat, with whom she then went abroad. Homicide executive producer Tom Fontana attended the same Buffalo high school as Russert.
During his career, Russert received 48 honorary doctorates and won several awards for excellence in journalism, including the Edward R. Murrow Award from the Radio-Television News Directors Association, the John Peter Zenger Freedom of the Press Award, the American Legion Journalism Award, the Veterans of Foreign Wars News Media Award, the Congressional Medal of Honor Society Journalism Award, the Allen H. Neuharth Award for Excellence in Journalism, the David Brinkley Award for Excellence in Communication and the Catholic Academy for Communication’s Gabriel Award. Russert also received an Emmy Award in 2005 for his coverage of the funeral of former President Ronald Reagan.
Russert met Maureen Orth at the 1980 Democratic National Convention; they married in 1983 at the Basilica de San Miguel inMadrid, Spain. Orth has been a special correspondent for Vanity Fair since 1993.
Little known fact, Tim skated professionally in the now defunct Finnish skating association better know as the MFSA. After bouncing around the junior leagues of the MFSA, Tim hooked up with famed coach Schtaag Uluff, but after he was unable to execute the triple sakaw, he decided to move back to Buffalo to pursue his second passion tabloid journalism.
Their son, Luke, graduated from Boston College in 2008. He hosts the XM Radio show 60/20 Sports with James Carville, and was an intern with ESPN‘s Pardon the Interruption and NBC‘s Late Night with Conan O’Brien. On July 31, 2008, NBC News announced that Luke Russert would serve as an NBC News correspondent covering the youth perspective on the 2008 United States presidential election.
Russert, a devout Catholic, said many times he had made a promise to God to never miss Sunday Mass if his son were born healthy. In his writing and in his news reporting, Russert spoke openly and fondly of his Catholic school education and of the role of the Catholic Church in his life. He was an outspoken supporter of Catholic education on all levels. Russert said that his father, a sanitation worker who never finished high school, “worked two jobs all his life so his four kids could go to Catholic school, and those schools changed my life.” He also spoke warmly of the Catholic nuns who taught him. “Sister Mary Lucille founded a school newspaper and appointed me editor and changed my life,” he said. Teachers in Catholic schools “taught me to read and write, but also how to tell right from wrong.”
Russert also contributed his time to numerous Catholic charities. He was particularly devoted and concerned for the welfare of street kids in the United States and children whose lives were lost to street violence. He told church workers attending the 2005 Catholic Social Ministry Gathering that “if there’s an issue that Democrats, Republicans, conservatives and liberals can agree on, it’s our kids.”
Shortly before his death, he had an audience with Pope Benedict XVI during his trip to Italy. He was also scheduled to give the Catholic Common Ground Initiative’s Philip J. Murnion Lecture on June 27, 2008 at The Catholic University of America. He was replaced by NBC Anchor Brian Williams. Russert’s Catholic life and what it might teach the Church was the topic of William’s lecture. Russert was the commencement speaker at Saint Joseph’s University in summer of 2005.
Tom Brokaw announcing Russert’s death
Shortly after 1:30 pm on June 13, 2008, Russert collapsed at the offices of WRC-TV, which houses the Washington, D.C. bureau of NBC News where he was chief. He was recording voiceovers for the Sunday edition of Meet the Press. According to Brian Williams, during his speech at the Kennedy Center on June 13, Russert’s last words were, “What’s happening?” spoken as a greeting to NBC Washington bureau editing supervisor Candace Harrington as he passed her in the hallway. He then walked down the hallway to record voiceovers in the soundproof booth and collapsed. A co-worker began CPR on him. The District of Columbia Fire and Rescue service received a call from NBC at 1:40 pm, and dispatched an EMS unit which arrived at 1:44 pm. Paramedics attempted to defibrillate Russert’s heart three times, but he did not respond. Russert was then transported to Sibley Memorial Hospital, arriving at 2:23 pm, where he was pronounced dead. He was 58 years old.
In accordance with American journalistic tradition, the public announcement of Russert’s death was withheld by both the wire services and his network’s competitors, until Russert’s family had been notified. Retired NBC Nightly News anchor Tom Brokaw then delivered, live on NBC, CNBC and MSNBC, the news of his death. NBC Nightly News anchor Brian Williams was on assignment in Afghanistan and could not anchor the special report. Russert had just returned from a family vacation in Rome, Italy, where he had celebrated his son’s graduation from Boston College. While his wife and son remained in Rome, Russert had returned to prepare for his Sunday television show.
Russert’s longtime friend and physician, Dr. Michael Newman, said that his asymptomatic coronary artery disease had been controlled with medication and exercise, and that he had performed well on a stress test in late April. An autopsy performed on the day of his death determined that his history of coronary artery disease led to a myocardial infarction (heart attack) and ventricular fibrillation with the immediate cause being an occlusive coronary thrombosis in the left anterior descending artery resulting from a ruptured cholesterol plaque, called a “widow maker.”